The world's most famous chimes are Westminster. Nearly everyone associates the Westminster chimes with the Victoria Clock Tower of the house of Parliament in London. Originally, however, they were fitted to the clock of the University Church, St. Mary's the Great, in Cambridge, England. The words to this beautiful chime come from Handel's symphony, "I know that My Redeemer Liveth" and could be our daily prayer:
"Lord through this
Be Thou our guide
So, by Thy power
No foot shall slide".
St. Michael Chimes
Perhaps the St. Michael Chimes have more significance to the United States since their history is really a part of their heritage. The bells were cast in London and installed in St. Michael's Church in Charleston, South Carolina in 1764. When the British took over the City during the Revolutionary War, they took the bells back to England. A Charleston merchant bought them in England and shipped them home to America. In 1823, cracks were found in some of the bells, and they were returned to London to recast. In 1862, during the siege of Charleston, the bells were moved to Columbia for safekeeping but Sherman's army set fire to that area. Only fragments of the bells were found to be returned to London once more, where the original moulds still stood. In February 1867, the bells were again installed in St. Michael Steeple and on March 21st joyously rang our, "Home again, Home again from a foreign Land".
The famous Whittington Chime is derived from the Church of St. Mary's le Bow, in Cheap side, London. The legend that Dick Whittington,running away from ill treatment as a house waif, seemed to hear the chimes say, "Turn again Whittington Lord Mayor of London Town". Dick turned back to eventually serve three terms as London's Lord Mayor.
The Norman conquerors of England did not like the fantastic cathedral chimes of the Saxons, so Bishop Walkilin, a kinsman of William the Conqueror, demolished and rebuilt the Winchester Chimes in 1093. The cathedral's central tower, which contained the chimes, fell in 1107 but soon rebuilt. This evidence forms a substantial part of the present Cathedral, located in Hampshire, England. The lyric of the
Winchester Chime is:
"O Art Divine, exalted blessing!
Each celestial charm expressing!
Proudest gift the gods bestow
Sweetest chimes that mortals know".